Probably, you have ever read some article and thought: “I completely disagree with the author. I have my own opinion about it.” You might have your own comment about some topics. Our congratulations! You have made a critical analysis of the article. Want to know more about critical thinking?
The critical analysis is an evaluation of the claim critically. Also, you might evaluate some political and social problems, music, books, movie, historical and contemporary event. This is a subjective type of evaluation and observation, expressing your personal reactions and viewpoints. In other words, critical analysis helps us perceive and understand things better.
Step 1. Read critically.
The first step to the critical analysis is to read thoroughly and carefully, defining the author’s thesis. You will get most of your data from reading various sources and understanding various opinions and takes on the same problem. You should pay more attention to details, recognize the rhetorical biases, devices, and assumptions of the author.
Look for these things when you read a source:
- The intended audience of the author. Great writers write in a certain way to appeal to a certain audience. For example, playful language is appealing to kids, statistics is appealing to business people.
- The means of persuasion (rhetoric and language). Great writers will make the reader make their conclusion by themselves.
- The writing general structure and the way it backs up the author’s claims. For instance, a post about the necessity of punctuation like commas might illustrate the number of people who overuse it. Being a critical reader, you should pinpoint the motives of the author and dissect a certain text for meaning. Realizing the way the author is trying to reach their aims and gain your trust is the main thing in critical reading.
Step 2. Critical analysis writing.
The initial thing to remember is that your task is not to de-legitimize the work of the author. You should explore the work with the reader, open up certain aspects that were neglected or ignored. It is your responsibility to help the world better understand the subject to the full extent.
The primary thing to do is to give a summary of the source (work of art, article, event, etc.). This is performed to show that you completely have understood what you talk about. Summaries must not contain your claim or demonstrate any bias towards the certain source you are about to discuss.
Address the following things, if the source is a text:
- How did the author organize the text?
- Define the target audience and the reason why the writer chose them.
- Define the author’s conclusions about the target audience.
- Explain and list the rhetorical devices, imagery, language that the author utilizes in the text.
Step 3. Compose a thesis
When you summarize the piece of writing, you should compose a thesis statement.
Writing a critical thinking essay, you are to know that the thesis statement is a reaction to the analyzed source. As it was mentioned above, your point of view is subjective. In the future, it will be challenged definitely. Nevertheless, if you wonder how to write a critical thinking essay, note that if you might articulate your own point of view thoroughly and carefully, the reader will trust you. The perfect way to make your message consistent and clear is to compose an analysis paper outline.
Composing a critical analysis paper outline
The outline assists in putting your claims in order. Composing a proper overview will assist in writing a critical analysis paper quickly and be consistent with a certain message.
Most professors and teachers will give a sample of the critical analysis paper outline to assist you in writing a properly organized analysis essay.
Before you write a critical analysis paper, ensure you have the outline that organizes your ideas into a cohesive critical paper structure.
Check out this outline sample which you might utilize for reference:
1. Background data. Provide your reader with some context. Assist them in understanding the work nature.
- Publication data.
- Statement of target and topic.
- Thesis statement. Give the reader your reaction in a thesis statement to the work.
2. Summary. Show your source understanding.
3. A critical analysis (evaluation and interpretation). Here is where you demonstrate finally your work analysis based on your critical evaluation and reading.
- Talk about the way the source is organized.
- Discuss the rhetoric and style of the source.
- How efficient were the message and source?
- How well was the topic treated: did the writer do it with justice or were they biased?
- Discuss the way the source appealed to the target reader.
Techniques utilized in literary critiques
- The objective analysis – Evaluation grounded only on facts, with no utilizing emotion or feeling in the study.
- Traditional critique – Critique grounded on collective sources agreement that educated and literate people must know.
- New critique – Critique which is focused on only the text itself. Areas of paradox, ambiguity, metaphor, and irony are under precise evaluation.
- Marxist criticism – Analogy via class identification and conflicts, coming to assumptions of a social or political nature. This kind of criticism had a huge effect on literature understanding.
- Metaphorical critique – Paying close attention to the metaphors to get a deeper understanding of the author and work.
- New historicism – The study of literature grounded on the historical value of it.
- Psychological critique – A kind of Freudian critique. The author’s unconscious wishes might be evaluated like a pathway to their mind.
- Sociological criticism – Mainly concentrates on the way literature shows social functions, however, the work here fits into the society in general.
- Ethical or moral criticism – Judging the literary piece, or work by the morals that were learned from the text.
Main tips to save your time
- Go back to the draft later. When you complete the first draft, place it to one side. Review it in several days. A clear mind is a big plus in your essay’s proofreading.
- Explain everything. Do not conclude the reader is aware of a particular fact or detail. Describe abbreviations and technical terms completely.
- The intro and the thesis might be generated later. Doing this, you will be aware precisely of the background you require your readers to know.
- Asking your friend to help. Let a professional colleague or family friend review your piece of writing to get one more opinion.
- Develop your own style of writing. Do not copy someone else’s style but try to get comfy with your own style. It might take possibly more than one paper and a while. As you advance it, it would save your time and be much more rewarding in the long run.
- Do not be afraid of the problem. When you describe something, ensure you are specific and do not provide timid and vague explanations. It will only irritate readers.
- No rhetorical questions. The body of the claims must only contain the points grounded on factual statements and findings.
- Plan the time properly. It is normal that you might not have enough time to read through all the literature. Create a plan and stick to it.
How to write a critical thinking essay example:
The final thought
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It means you should be able to analyze it and evaluate the main points, providing the reader with your own point of view.
When you write a paper, you should pay as much attention to detail as it is possible to provide our reader with comprehensive information.
You can do it if you are able to prove your point of view is the rightest one. It is up to you what methods to use to achieve this goal.
The main strategies are not being afraid to express and prove your opinion and also plan your essay properly not to miss any relevant info.